Endogenous oxytocin is necessary for preferential Fos expression to male odors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis in female Syrian hamsters

Luis A. Martinez, Marisa J. Levy, Aras Petrulis

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9 Scopus citations


Successful reproduction in mammals depends on proceptive or solicitational behaviors that enhance the probability of encountering potential mates. In female Syrian hamsters, one such behavior is vaginal scent marking. Recent evidence suggests that the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) may be critical for regulating this behavior. Blockade of OT receptors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) or the medial preoptic area (MPOA) decreases vaginal marking responses to male odors; lesion data suggest that BNST, rather than MPOA, mediates this effect. However, how OT interacts with sexual odor processing to drive preferential solicitation is not known. To address this issue, intact female Syrian hamsters were exposed to male or female odors and their brains processed for immunohistochemistry for Fos, a marker of recent neuronal activation, and OT. Additional females were injected intracerebroventricularly (ICV) with an oxytocin receptor antagonist (OTA) or vehicle, and then tested for vaginal marking and Fos responses to sexual odors. Colocalization of OT and Fos in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus was unchanged following exposure to male odors, but decreased following exposure to female odors. Following injections of OTA, Fos expression to male odors was decreased in BNST, but not in MPOA or the medial amygdala (MA). Fos expression in BNST may be functionally relevant for vaginal marking, given that there was a positive correlation between Fos expression and vaginal marking for BNST, but not MPOA or MA. Together, these data suggest that OT facilitation of neuronal activity in BNST underlies the facilitative effects of OT on solicitational responses to male odors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-664
Number of pages12
JournalHormones and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Alica Helman, Emily Mobley, Jamin Peters, Alix Pijeaux, Manal Tabbaa and July Tran for their technical assistance and Dr. Anne Murphy for the generous donation of time on her microscope. This work was supported by NIH grant MH072930 to A. Petrulis, a Georgia State University Dissertation Grant and a Center for Neuromics Grant to L. Martinez, and in part by the Center for Behavioral Neuroscience under the STC Program of the NSF , under agreement IBN 9876754 .


  • Appetitive
  • Chemosensory
  • Olfaction
  • Precopulatory
  • Sexual motivation


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