Endogenous attention signals evoked by threshold contrast detection in human superior colliculus

Sucharit Katyal, David Ress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Human superior colliculus (SC) responds in a retinotopically selective manner when attention is deployed on a high-contrast visual stimulus using a discrimination task. To further elucidate the role of SC in endogenous visual attention, high-resolution fMRI was used to demonstrate that SC also exhibits a retinotopically selective response for covert attention in the absence of significant visual stimulation using a threshold- contrast detection task. SC neurons have a laminar organization according to their function, with visually responsive neurons present in the superficial layers and visuomotor neurons in the intermediate layers. The results show that the response evoked by the threshold- contrast detection task is significantly deeper than the response evoked by the high-contrast speed discrimination task, reflecting a functional dissociation of the attentional enhancement of visuomotor and visual neurons, respectively. Such a functional dissociation of attention within SC laminae provides a subcortical basis for the oculomotor theory of attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-900
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2014


  • Attention
  • Contrast detection
  • Midbrain
  • Optic tectum
  • Superior colliculus
  • fMRI


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