Endocrine disorders in Fanconi anemia: Recommendations for screening and treatment

Anna Petryk, Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Neelam Giri, Anthony N. Hollenberg, Meilan M. Rutter, Brandon M Nathan, Maya Lodish, Blanche P. Alter, Constantine A. Stratakis, Susan R. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Endocrine problems are common in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA). About 80% of children and adults with FA have at least one endocrine abnormality, including short stature, GH deficiency, abnormal glucose or insulin metabolism, dyslipidemia, hypothyroidism, pubertal delay, hypogonadism, or impaired fertility. The goal of this report is to provide an overview of endocrine abnormalities and guidelines for routine screening and treatment to allow early diagnosis and timely intervention. Evidence Acquisition: This work is based on a comprehensive literature review, including relevant articles published between 1971 and 2014, and proceedings of a Consensus Conference held by the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund in 2013. Evidence Synthesis: The panel of experts collected published evidence and discussed its relevance to reflect current information about the endocrine care of children and adults with FA before the Consensus Conference and through subsequent deliberations that led to the consensus. Conclusions: Individuals with FA should be routinely screened for endocrine abnormalities, including evaluation of growth; glucose, insulin, and lipid metabolism; thyroid function; puberty; gonadal function; and bone mineral metabolism. Inclusion of an endocrinologist as part of the multidisciplinary patient care team is key to providing comprehensive care for patients with FA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)803-811
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2015 by the Endocrine Society.

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