Emotion socialization in mothers with mood disorders: Affective modeling and recollected responses to childhood emotion

Madelyn H. Labella, Sarah K. Ruiz, Susan J. Harris, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that emotion socialization may be disrupted by maternal depression. However, little is known about emotion-related parenting by mothers with bipolar disorder or whether affective modeling in early childhood is linked to young adults' recollections of emotion socialization practices. The current study investigates emotion socialization by mothers with histories of major depression, bipolar disorder, or no mood disorder. Affective modeling was coded from parent-child interactions in early childhood and maternal responses to negative emotions were recollected by young adult offspring (n = 131, 59.5% female, M age = 22.16, SD = 2.58). Multilevel models revealed that maternal bipolar disorder was associated with more neglecting, punishing, and magnifying responses to children's emotions, whereas maternal major depression was associated with more magnifying responses; links between maternal diagnosis and magnifying responses were robust to covariates. Young adult recollections of maternal responses to emotion were predicted by affective modeling in early childhood, providing preliminary validity evidence for the Emotions as a Child Scale. Findings provide novel evidence that major depression and bipolar disorder are associated with altered emotion socialization and that maternal affective modeling in early childhood prospectively predicts young adults' recollections of emotion socialization in families with and without mood disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Early online dateJul 16 2020
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - Jul 16 2020

Keywords

  • bipolar disorder
  • emotion socialization
  • maternal depression

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Emotion socialization in mothers with mood disorders: Affective modeling and recollected responses to childhood emotion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this