Emotion regulation and cortisol reactivity during a social evaluative stressor

A study of post-institutionalized youth

Nicole E Perry, Bonny Donzella, Anna M. Parenteau, Christopher D Desjardins, Megan R Gunnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the current study, we compared emotion regulation abilities between post-institutionalized (PI; N = 124) and never-institutionalized non-adopted (NA; N = 172) children and adolescents (7–15 years). We assessed cortisol reactivity and coded emotion regulation during the speech portion of Trier Social Stress Test (TSST-M). Parents reported on their children's social, academic, and behavioral adjustment. Results suggest that emotion regulation abilities increased with age, but this increase was greater for NA than PI youth. With regard to cortisol, piecewise growth modeling revealed that at higher levels of emotion regulation PI youth had greater baseline values (after a period of time allowing for acclimation to the laboratory) and had steeper recovery slopes than NA youth. There was also a main effect of emotion regulation on the reactivity slope suggesting that for both groups, as emotion regulation increased, the cortisol reactivity slope decreased. Finally, greater emotion regulation predicted fewer internalizing behavior problems for PI youth but not for NA youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-572
Number of pages16
JournalDevelopmental psychobiology
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hydrocortisone
Emotions
Aptitude
Social Adjustment
Acclimatization
Exercise Test
Parents
Growth

Keywords

  • adjustment
  • childhood
  • cortisol
  • emotion regulation
  • post-institutionalized

Cite this

Emotion regulation and cortisol reactivity during a social evaluative stressor : A study of post-institutionalized youth. / Perry, Nicole E; Donzella, Bonny; Parenteau, Anna M.; Desjardins, Christopher D; Gunnar, Megan R.

In: Developmental psychobiology, Vol. 61, No. 4, 01.05.2019, p. 557-572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4ca880b1633b4e0b8852e88fdcf437ee,
title = "Emotion regulation and cortisol reactivity during a social evaluative stressor: A study of post-institutionalized youth",
abstract = "In the current study, we compared emotion regulation abilities between post-institutionalized (PI; N = 124) and never-institutionalized non-adopted (NA; N = 172) children and adolescents (7–15 years). We assessed cortisol reactivity and coded emotion regulation during the speech portion of Trier Social Stress Test (TSST-M). Parents reported on their children's social, academic, and behavioral adjustment. Results suggest that emotion regulation abilities increased with age, but this increase was greater for NA than PI youth. With regard to cortisol, piecewise growth modeling revealed that at higher levels of emotion regulation PI youth had greater baseline values (after a period of time allowing for acclimation to the laboratory) and had steeper recovery slopes than NA youth. There was also a main effect of emotion regulation on the reactivity slope suggesting that for both groups, as emotion regulation increased, the cortisol reactivity slope decreased. Finally, greater emotion regulation predicted fewer internalizing behavior problems for PI youth but not for NA youth.",
keywords = "adjustment, childhood, cortisol, emotion regulation, post-institutionalized",
author = "Perry, {Nicole E} and Bonny Donzella and Parenteau, {Anna M.} and Desjardins, {Christopher D} and Gunnar, {Megan R}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/dev.21828",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "557--572",
journal = "Developmental Psychobiology",
issn = "0012-1630",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotion regulation and cortisol reactivity during a social evaluative stressor

T2 - A study of post-institutionalized youth

AU - Perry, Nicole E

AU - Donzella, Bonny

AU - Parenteau, Anna M.

AU - Desjardins, Christopher D

AU - Gunnar, Megan R

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - In the current study, we compared emotion regulation abilities between post-institutionalized (PI; N = 124) and never-institutionalized non-adopted (NA; N = 172) children and adolescents (7–15 years). We assessed cortisol reactivity and coded emotion regulation during the speech portion of Trier Social Stress Test (TSST-M). Parents reported on their children's social, academic, and behavioral adjustment. Results suggest that emotion regulation abilities increased with age, but this increase was greater for NA than PI youth. With regard to cortisol, piecewise growth modeling revealed that at higher levels of emotion regulation PI youth had greater baseline values (after a period of time allowing for acclimation to the laboratory) and had steeper recovery slopes than NA youth. There was also a main effect of emotion regulation on the reactivity slope suggesting that for both groups, as emotion regulation increased, the cortisol reactivity slope decreased. Finally, greater emotion regulation predicted fewer internalizing behavior problems for PI youth but not for NA youth.

AB - In the current study, we compared emotion regulation abilities between post-institutionalized (PI; N = 124) and never-institutionalized non-adopted (NA; N = 172) children and adolescents (7–15 years). We assessed cortisol reactivity and coded emotion regulation during the speech portion of Trier Social Stress Test (TSST-M). Parents reported on their children's social, academic, and behavioral adjustment. Results suggest that emotion regulation abilities increased with age, but this increase was greater for NA than PI youth. With regard to cortisol, piecewise growth modeling revealed that at higher levels of emotion regulation PI youth had greater baseline values (after a period of time allowing for acclimation to the laboratory) and had steeper recovery slopes than NA youth. There was also a main effect of emotion regulation on the reactivity slope suggesting that for both groups, as emotion regulation increased, the cortisol reactivity slope decreased. Finally, greater emotion regulation predicted fewer internalizing behavior problems for PI youth but not for NA youth.

KW - adjustment

KW - childhood

KW - cortisol

KW - emotion regulation

KW - post-institutionalized

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061436308&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85061436308&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/dev.21828

DO - 10.1002/dev.21828

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 557

EP - 572

JO - Developmental Psychobiology

JF - Developmental Psychobiology

SN - 0012-1630

IS - 4

ER -