EMG biofeedback training versus systematic desensitization for test anxiety reduction

John L. Romano, William A. Cabianca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Investigated EMG biofeedback training as a method to reduce test anxiety among 40 university students. A procedure combining EMG biofeedback training with systematic desensitization (SD) was compared to an automated SD program not using EMG feedback. The study also evaluated the effectiveness of EMG feedback relaxation training without SD. Ss were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: (a) EMG biofeedback training with SD, (b) EMG biofeedback relaxation training, (c) automated SD, and (d) no-treatment control. At the end of the program, all participants were administered the Suinn Test Anxiety Behavior Scale, Sarason's Test Anxiety Scale, and an anagrams test, given under threat conditions. Results suggest that EMG biofeedback training is a useful technique for reducing test anxiety, but not necessarily more effective than SD. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1978


  • EMG biofeedback training &/vs automated systematic desensitization, test anxiety reduction, college students


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