Embedded cure monitor, strain gauge, and mechanical state estimator

J. Dubow, W. Zhang, Y. Lu, J. Bingham, F. Syammach, D. G. Krantz, J. H. Belk, P. Bierman, R. Harjani, S. C. Mantell, D. L. Polla, P. R. Troyk

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Pressed PZT Piezoelectric disks were embedded in a range of materials and their properties monitored under a wide range of conditions. The output depends on the temperature and pressure exerted on the PZT by the surrounding material and by the mechanical impedance mismatch between the embedded PZT and the surroundings. By monitoring the 'Q' of the PZT (the ratio of energy stored to energy dissipated) it was found that the PZT discs could be used as cure monitors, strain gauges, and as embedded dynamic mechanical property estimators. This latter property is a means of gauging the 'health of the material', and its degradation with time. These sensors were part of the MTS/US Navy embedded sensor program, so the sensors could be addressed and read remotely. The techniques, the data and the applications are discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-350
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 Smart Structures and Materials - Smart Electronics and MEMS - Newport Beach, CA, USA
Duration: Mar 1 1999Mar 3 1999


Dive into the research topics of 'Embedded cure monitor, strain gauge, and mechanical state estimator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this