Electrosynthesis of CZTS films by sulfurization of CZT precursor: Effect of soft annealing treatment

K. V. Gurav, S. M. Pawar, Seung Wook Shin, M. P. Suryawanshi, G. L. Agawane, P. S. Patil, Jong Ha Moon, J. H. Yun, Jin Hyeok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


In the present work, CZTS thin films have been prepared by sulfurization of electrodeposited Cu-Zn-Sn (CZT) precursor. Prior to sulfurization, as-deposited CZT precursors have been soft annealed in Ar atmosphere at different temperatures (250-350 C). The structural, morphological, compositional and optical properties of the films have been investigated in detail. It is found that, soft annealing temperature has a significant impact on the properties of CZTS thin films. The systematic study on the improvement in the properties of CZTS films using soft annealing route has been studied and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - Oct 15 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Human Resources Development program (No. 20124010203180) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. This work is partially funded by the Center for Inorganic Photovoltaic Materials (No. 2012-0001170) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST).


  • Cyclic voltammetry (CV)
  • Electrodeposition
  • Soft annealing
  • X-ray diffraction


Dive into the research topics of 'Electrosynthesis of CZTS films by sulfurization of CZT precursor: Effect of soft annealing treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this