Nanofiber microspheres have attracted a lot of attention for biomedical applications because of their injectable and biomimetic properties. Herein, we report for the first time a new method for fabrication of nanofiber microspheres by combining electrospinning and electrospraying and explore their potential applications for cell therapy. Electrospraying of aqueous dispersions of electrospun nanofiber segments with desired length obtained by either cryocutting or homogenization into liquid nitrogen followed by freeze-drying and thermal treatment can form nanofiber microspheres. The microsphere size can be controlled by varying the applied voltage during the electrospray process. A variety of morphologies were achieved including solid, nanofiber, porous and nanofiber microspheres, and hollow nanofiber microspheres. Furthermore, a broad range of polymer and inorganic bioactive glass nanofiber-based nanofiber microspheres could be fabricated by electrospraying of their short nanofiber dispersions, indicating a comprehensive applicability of this method. A higher cell carrier efficiency of nanofiber microspheres as compared to solid microspheres was demonstrated with rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, along with the formation of microtissue-like structures in situ, when injected into microchannel devices. Also, mouse embryonic stem cells underwent neural differentiation on the nanofiber microspheres, indicated by positive staining of β-III-tubulin and neurite outgrowth. Taken together, we developed a new method for generating nanofiber microspheres that are injectable and have improved viability and maintenance of stem cells for potential application in cell therapy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Institute of General Medical Science (NIGMS) at the NIH (2P20 GM103480-06 and 1R01GM123081), NE LB606, Regenerative Medicine Program pilot grant and startup funds from the University of Nebraska Medical Center. The authors thank Janice A. Taylor and James R. Talaska of the Advanced Microscopy Core Facility at the University of Nebraska Medical Center for providing assistance with confocal microscopy.
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society.
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- stem cells