Electronic structures of aziridenium and cyclopropylidene. Hypovalent atoms in three-membered rings

Chris Cramer, Sharon E. Worthington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hartree - Fock, second-order perturbation theory, configuration interaction including single and double excitations, coupled cluster theory including singles, doubles, and perturbative triples, multiconfiguration self-consistent-field, and density functional calculations have been carried out using large basis sets for the 1A1 and 3B1 electronic states of aziridenium and cyclopropylidene. The aziridenium ion is predicted to be a ground state triplet with a singlet-triplet gap of 10.7 ± 0.4 kcal/mol; the singlet is a transition state subject to ring opening. Isoelectronic cyclopropylidene is predicted to be a ground state singlet with a singlet-triplet gap of -13.8 ± 0.3 kcal/mol. The optimized aziridenium triplet geometry manifests a remarkably long carbon-carbon bond (1.745 Å at the MCSCF level); the corresponding bond distance in cyclopropylidene is also long (1.618 Å).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1462-1465
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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