Electron binding energy of donors in bilayer graphene with a gate-tunable gap

E. V. Gorbar, V. P. Gusynin, D. O. Oriekhov, B. I. Shklovskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In gapped bilayer graphene, similarly to conventional semiconductors, Coulomb impurities (such as nitrogen donors) may determine the activation energy of its conductivity and provide low-temperature hopping conductivity. However, in spite of the importance of Coulomb impurities, nothing is known about their electron binding energy Eb in the presence of gates. To close this gap, we study numerically the electron binding energy Eb of a singly charged donor in BN-enveloped bilayer graphene with the top and bottom gates at distance d and gate-tunable gap 2Δ. We show that for 10<d<200nm and 1<Δ<70meV the ratio Eb/Δ changes from 0.4 to 1.4. The ratio Eb/Δ stays so close to unity because of the dominating role of the bilayer polarization screening which reduces the Coulomb potential well depth to values ∼Δ. Still, the ratio Eb/Δ somewhat decreases with growing Δ, faster at small Δ and slower at large Δ. On the other hand, Eb/Δ weakly grows with d, again faster at small Δ and slower at large Δ. We also studied the effect of trigonal warping and found only a small reduction of Eb/Δ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number165145
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume109
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2024

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© 2024 American Physical Society.

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