A review is presented of results from a series of experiments which began with an attempt to reflect electrons from the potential change which is thought to generate the aurora. In order to understand the experiment, this series then expanded to study beam-plasma interactions in the laboratory as well as in the ionosphere. Results from the electron reflection experiment, as well as in situ and ground-based observations of the waves generated by beam-plasma interactions will be reviewed. Measurements bearing on modifications of the ambient plasma by the beam-emitting rocket will be presented.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
First this whole program was begun by William Bernstein, recently retired from Rice University, and we are grateful to him for the initiative and guidance which he has provided. The program has involved the contributions of a large number of experimenters, who have designed, built and tested their instruments for the various measurements of the program. These include Brian Whalen, Malcolm Duncan and Andrew Yau of the National Research Council of Canada, Klaus Wilhelm and Chris Becker of the Max Planck Institute, Lindau, Roy Torbert and Craig Kletzing of the University of New Hampshire, and Ed Szuszczewicz and Hugh Anderson of SAIC. The author is grateful to Klaus Wilhelm, to Hugh Anderson, and to Tom Hallinan for the guidance and support they have given him during the tense moments of a launch. University of Minnesota work on NVB-02 and NVB-06 was supported by NOAA grants 03-78-B0l-6O and NA-79RACOO51, SCEX I through III were supported by NASA through grant NSG 5373.