Electromyography in Pediatrics

Matthew Pitt, Peter B. Kang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the use of electromyography (EMG), which includes needle EMG and nerve conduction studies, in the pediatric population. It deals first with some of the misconceptions that surround this technique: that it is too painful, too difficult, and in any case redundant in the era of molecular genetics. As with any technique, the need for normative data is stressed, but the difficulties obtaining these in children are highlighted. Technical aspects covered include the choices of electrodes and of nerve that are likely to improve chances of a successful investigation. Investigative strategies used to delineate the underlying pathological abnormalities are grouped anatomically into those relevant to anterior horn cell disease, peripheral neuropathy, neuromuscular junction disorders, and myopathy. This technique may evolve and be practiced differently in the future, but it will likely remain an important contribution to the investigation of neuromuscular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuromuscular Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence
Subtitle of host publicationA Clinician's Approach
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780124171275
ISBN (Print)9780124170445
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Electromyography
  • Infant
  • Neonate
  • Neural conduction
  • Pediatrics


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