Electromyographic and neuromuscular variables in post-polio subjects

Arthur A. Rodriguez, James C. Agre, Robert L. Harmon, Todd M. Franke, Eileen R. Swiggum, Joel T. Curt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Post-polio subjects experience functional deterioration many years after developing acute poliomyelitis and have been shown previously to have a deficit in strength recovery after isometric activity. This study characterized the size and stability of the motor units in a group of post-polio subjects with macro and single fiber electromyography (EMG) and correlated these variables with isometric strength, endurance, "work capacity," and strength recovery after fatiguing isometric exercise. Design: A cohort of 12 post-polio subjects was tested for neuromuscular function. Electromyographic variables were determined on a separate day. Setting: Volunteers were recruited from the community and tested in our neuromuscular research laboratory. Subjects: A volunteer sample was obtained from advertisements. All subjects acknowledged post-polio syndrome symptoms. Main Outcome Measures: Neuromuscular variables were isometric knee extension peak torque, endurance (time to exhaustion) at 40% of maximal torque, tension time index, and recovery of torque at 10 minutes. Electromyographic variables were macro EMG and single fiber EMG (percent blocking and jitter). Results: Macro EMG amplitude was ninefold the control value, and both jitter and blocking were greatly increased in comparison to control values. Isometric strength significantly (p < .05) correlated negatively with macro EMG amplitude. Conclusions: The weakest subjects had the greatest number of muscle fibers within the motor unit (as measured by macro EMG amplitude). Jitter and blocking did not correlate with neuromuscular function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-993
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume76
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Electromyography
Poliomyelitis
Torque
Volunteers
Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome
Knee
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise
Muscles
Research

Cite this

Electromyographic and neuromuscular variables in post-polio subjects. / Rodriguez, Arthur A.; Agre, James C.; Harmon, Robert L.; Franke, Todd M.; Swiggum, Eileen R.; Curt, Joel T.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 76, No. 11, 01.01.1995, p. 989-993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rodriguez, Arthur A. ; Agre, James C. ; Harmon, Robert L. ; Franke, Todd M. ; Swiggum, Eileen R. ; Curt, Joel T. / Electromyographic and neuromuscular variables in post-polio subjects. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1995 ; Vol. 76, No. 11. pp. 989-993.
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