Electrode and cuvette for rapid continuous CO2 tension and pH measurement in blood

S. A. Katz, A. C. Roth, E. O. Feigl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An electrode and cuvette system has been developed for the continuous and rapid measurement of either blood CO2 tension or pH. The CO2 electrode consists of a 1.5-mm-diameter flat-tip glass pH electrode covered by a film of carbonic anhydrase solution, over which a 25-μm-thick dimethyl silicone membrane is attached. Porous ceramic filled with 20% polyacrylamide, equilibrated with a salt solution, serves as a salt bridge between a Ag-AgCl reference electrode and the pH electrode surface. The electrode is housed in a four-port cuvette assembly. Blood from a vessel of interest is delivered to the cuvette by means of an occlusive roller pump. The cuvette maintains the electrode and blood at a constant temperature and directs a continuous jet of blood against the electrode surface. The cuvette also allows for easy and frequent calibration of the electrode with either gas or liquid standards. The 90% response time of the CO2 electrode is 3.0 s for liquids and 1.3 s for gases. Removal of the dimethyl silicone membrane and carbonic anhydrase film yields a pH electrode that can continuously measure blood pH with a 90% response time of 1.6 s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1660-1664
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1985


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