We developed glucose biosensing electrodes using single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) films on flexible, transparent poly(ethylene terephthalate). The homogeneous SWCNT films were fabricated by a vacuum filtration method, and the averaged resistivity and transparency of the fabricated flexible SWCNT films were 400Ωsq-1 and 80%, respectively. The glucose sensing electrodes were constructed by encapsulating glucose oxidase (GOx) by Nafion binder into the SWCNT film, and the variation in current response as a function of enzyme loading amount, Nafion thickness were investigated. 30mgmL-1 GOx and 2% Nafion was optimal for the detection of glucose. When ferrocene monocarboxylic acid (FMCA) was introduced as diffusional electron mediator, the current responses toward glucose of the Nafion/GOx/SWCNT electrodes in glucose solution containing FMCA were dramatically improved, and the developed sensor was independent of oxygen. In the application of GOx immobilized SWCNT films for glucose detection, a linear electrical response was observed for concentrations ranging from 0.25 to 3.0mM, and the detection limit and the sensitivity were assessed to be 97μM and 9.32μAmM-1cm-2, respectively. Moreover, according to the Lineweaver-Burk plot, the apparent Michaelis-Menten constant was calculated to be 23.8mM, and the current responses did not interfere with coexisting electroactive species, indicating that Nafion is an effective permselective polymer barrier.
- Amperometric sensor
- Glucose detection
- Single-walled carbon nanotube