Electrochemical behavior of the Fe(III) complexes of the cyclic hydroxamate siderophores alcaligin and desferrioxamine E

Ivan Spasojević, Sandra K. Armstrong, Timothy J. Brickman, Alvin L. Crumbliss

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Abstract

The redox behavior of Fe(III) complexes of the cyclic hydroxamate siderophores alcaligin and desferrioxamine E was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The limiting, pH independent redox potential (E1/2 vs NHE) is -446 mV for alcaligin above pH 9 and -477 mV for ferrioxamine E above pH 7.5. At lower pH values, the redox potential for both complexes shifts positive, with a loss of voltammetric reversibility which is interpreted to be the consequence of a secondary dissociation of Fe(II) from the reduced form of the complexes. These observations are of biological importance, since they suggest the possibility of a reductive mechanism in microbial cells which utilize these siderophores to acquire Fe. For comparison purposes, cyclic voltammograms were obtained for Fe(III) complexes with trihydroxamic acids of cyclic (ferrioxamine E) and linear (ferrioxamine B) structures, with dihydroxamic acids of cyclic (alcaligin) and linear (rhodotorulic and sebacic acids) structures, and with monohydroxamic acids (acetohydroxamic and N-methylacetohydroxamic acids) at identical conditions. The observed redox potentials allow us to estimate the overall stability constants for fully coordinated Fe(II) complexes as log βII(Fe2alcaligin3) = 24.6 and log βII(ferrioxamine E) = 12.1. A linear correlation between E1/2 and pM was found, and the basis for this relationship is discussed in terms of structural (denticity and cyclic/acyclic) and electronic differences among the {alkyl-NOH-CO-alkyl} type of hydroxamic acid ligands studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-454
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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