Electrocatalysis from first principles

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Abstract

Electrocatalysis is controlled by the elementary reactions that occur at the interface between the electrode and the solution phase along with the electrochemical potential that results across this interface. Elucidating the electrochemical behavior at this interface, however, presents a considerable challenge due to complexity of the surface chemistry, the explicit atomic and molecular structure of the solution phase at the interface, the presence and formation different ions and their specific location in solution or on the surface, and the surface potentials and electric fields that results as a function of the surface reactivity. First principles based simulations of electrocatalysis tend to be limited due the size of the systems required to appropriately model the interfacial structure, and by the fact that ab initio methods are typically constant charge rather than constant potential systems. We developed an approach that can begin to simulate the elementary pathways and kinetics for constant potential systems. We discuss herein the application of this approach to simulate the electrocatalytic oxidation of different logistic fuel for direct alcohol fuel cells including methanol, formic acid and ethanol as well as the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen. The simulations are subsequently used to help identify promising new electrocatalytic materials for both the anode and the cathode. In addition, we present a multiscale approach by which to connect the ab intio results to electrocatalytic kinetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event239th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 21 2010Mar 25 2010

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