Electrical conductivity of polycrystalline olivine containing a silicate glass

B. J. Wanamaker, A. G. Duba

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The complex impedance of a polycrystalline sample of San Carlos olivine including 5 vol% of a synthetic silicate glass containing sodium, magnesium, and iron has been measured as a function of temperature under controlled oxygen fugacity at a.c. frequencies of 10², 10³, and 104 Hz. Below ∼800°C, the conductivity of the sample is at least 5 to 10 times higher than that of single crystal and polycrystalline San Carlos olivine, respectively, and has an activation energy half that of the single crystal. The sample conductivity increases dramatically as a function of the measurement frequency. Hysteresis and time‐dependent changes in sample conductivity are observed above the liquidus of the glass (∼900°C). The data suggest that the electrical conductivity of partially molten samples is characterized by parallel conduction of the solid and melt phases and is a sensitive indicator of melt distribution as well as the kinetics of melt re‐equilibration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2107-2110
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 8 1993


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