Elder Family Financial Exploitation Offenders: Examining the Complexities of Problematic Behaviors

Axton E. Betz-Hamilton, Marlene S. Stum, Athena Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Elder family financial exploitation (EFFE) affects victims, families, and society, yet little is known about the problematic behaviors of EFFE offenders. The purpose of this study was to (a) explore the range and scope of problematic behaviors of EFFE offenders; and (b) examine common combinations of EFFE offenders’ problematic behaviors. Interviews were conducted with 28 non-victim, non-offender family members from 23 families. Seven themes reflecting problematic offender behaviors were identified: mental health concerns, financial dependence, other abuse, financial irresponsibility, substance abuse, a sense of entitlement, and legal problems. An in-depth understanding of the behaviors was identified, including how and why behaviors were connected to each other. Offenders exhibited two to six problematic behavioral themes. The findings suggest a need for multiple, integrated interventions that fit the complex behavioral realities of individual offenders and the family systems in which EFFE occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVictims and Offenders
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), USDA Experiment Station, Project 1013288.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Family
  • financial exploitation
  • offenders


Dive into the research topics of 'Elder Family Financial Exploitation Offenders: Examining the Complexities of Problematic Behaviors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this