EFM: Elastic Flash Management to Enhance Performance of Hybrid Flash Memory

Bingzhe Li, Bo Yuan, David Du

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


NAND-based flash memory has become a prevalent storage media due to its low access latency and high performance. By setting up different incremental step pulse programming (ISPP) values and threshold voltages, the tradeoffs between lifetime and access latency in NAND-based flash memory can be exploited. The existing studies that exploit the tradeoffs by using heuristic algorithms do not consider the dynamically changed access latency due to wearing-out, resulting in low access performance. In this paper, we proposed a new Elastic Flash Management scheme, called EFM, to manage data in hybrid flash memory, which consists of multiple physical regions with different read/write latencies according to their ISPP values and threshold voltages. EFM includes a Long-Term Classifier (LT-Classifier) and a Short-Term Classifier (ST-Classifier) to accurately track dynamically changed workloads by considering current quantitative differences of read/write latencies and workload access patterns. Moreover, a reduced effective wearing management is proposed to prolong the lifetime of flash memory by scheduling write-intensive workloads to the region with a reduced threshold voltage and the lowest write cost. Experimental results indicate that EFM reduces the average read/write latencies by about 54% - 296% and obtain 17.7% lifetime improvement on average compared to the existing studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE 39th International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665432191
StatePublished - 2021
Event39th IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Oct 24 2021Oct 27 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Computer Design: VLSI in Computers and Processors
ISSN (Print)1063-6404


Conference39th IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by NSF I/UCRC Center Research in Intelligent Storage and the following NSF awards 1439622, 1812537, and CCF-1854737.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.


  • Classification
  • Elastic management
  • NAND flash memory


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