Efficient synthesis of 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-diones [dithiasuccinoyl- amines] from bis(chlorocarbonyl)disulfane plus bis(trimethylsilyl)amines

Michael J. Barany, Robert P. Hammer, R. B. Merrifield, George Barany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-dione heterocycle, also referred to as a dithiasuccinoyl (Dts)-amine, serves as a readily removable amino protecting group for building blocks used in syntheses of peptides, glycopeptides, and PNA; it is also useful as a masked isocyanate and (inversely) as a sulfurization reagent for trivalent phosphorus. Bis(chlorocarbonyl)disulfane, the two-sulfur analogue of succinyl chloride, has been envisioned as a reagent for facile single-step elaboration of the heterocycle. However, reactions of bis(chlorocarbonyl)disulfane directly with primary amines fail to yield Dts-amines for reasons that are discussed. Inspired by several precedents from the organosilicon chemistry literature that a trimethylsilyl group may serve as a "large proton," a successful, high-yield preparation of Dts-amines through reactions of bis(chlorocarbonyl)disulfane with bis(trimethylsilyl)amines has been developed. Studies aimed at elucidating mechanistic reasons for these observations are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-509
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 19 2005


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