Efficient nearest neighbors via robust sparse hashing

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Abstract

This paper presents a new nearest neighbor (NN) retrieval framework: robust sparse hashing (RSH). Our approach is inspired by the success of dictionary learning for sparse coding. Our key idea is to sparse code the data using a learned dictionary, and then to generate hash codes out of these sparse codes for accurate and fast NN retrieval. But, direct application of sparse coding to NN retrieval poses a technical difficulty: when data are noisy or uncertain (which is the case with most real-world data sets), for a query point, an exact match of the hash code generated from the sparse code seldom happens, thereby breaking the NN retrieval. Borrowing ideas from robust optimization theory, we circumvent this difficulty via our novel robust dictionary learning and sparse coding framework called RSH, by learning dictionaries on the robustified counterparts of the perturbed data points. The algorithm is applied to NN retrieval on both simulated and real-world data. Our results demonstrate that RSH holds significant promise for efficient NN retrieval against the state of the art.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6824781
Pages (from-to)3646-3655
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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Keywords

  • Dictionary learning
  • nearest neighbors.
  • robust optimization
  • sparse coding

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