Efficient implementations of pipelined CORDIC based IIR digital filters using fast orthonormal μ-rotations

Jun Ma, Keshab K. Parhi, Gerben J. Hekstra, Ed F. Deprettere

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


CORDIC based IIR digital filters are orthogonal filters whose internal computations consist of orthogonal transformations. These filters possess desirable properties for VLSI implementations such as regularity, local connection, low sensitivity to finite word-length implementation, and elimination of limit cycles. Recently, fine-grain pipelined CORDIC based IIR digital filter architectures which can perform the filtering operations at arbitrarily high sample rates at the cost of linear increase in hardware complexity have been developed. These pipelined architectures consist of only Givens rotations and a few additions which can be mapped onto CORDIC arithmetic based processors. However, in practical applications, implementations of Givens rotations using traditional CORDIC arithmetic are quite expensive. For example, for 16 bit accuracy, using floating point data format with 16 bit mantissa and 5 bit exponent, it will require approximately 20 pairs of shift-add operations for one Givens rotation. In this paper, we propose an efficient implementation of pipelined CORDIC based IIR digital filters based on fast orthonormal μ-rotations. Using this method, the Givens rotations are approximated by angles corresponding to orthonormal μ-rotations, which are based on the idea of CORDIC and can perform rotation with minimal number of shift-add operations. We present various methods of construction for such orthonormal μ-rotations. A significant reduction (over 70%) of the number of required shift-add operations is achieved. All types of fast rotations can be implemented as a cascade of only four basic types of shift-add stages. These stages can be executed on a modified floating-point CORDIC architecture, making the pipelined filter highly suitable for VLSI implementations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-416
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1998
EventAdvance Signal Processing Algorithms, Atchitectures, and Implementations VIII - San diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 22 1998Jul 24 1998


  • Approximate rotations
  • CORDIC architecture
  • Orthogonal IIR digital filters
  • Orthonormal μ-rotations
  • Pipelining


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