Efficient Deployment of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: Simultaneous Optimization of Charging Station Placement and Charging Pile Assignment

Ying Zhang, Yanhao Wang, Fanyu Li, Bin Wu, Yao Yi Chiang, Xin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Charging infrastructure deployment is to seek the proper plan of settling charging stations and charging piles under multiple constraints, such as recharging demand, cruising range, etc., and it has been asserted as an NP-Complete problem. In this paper, we propose a multicriteria-oriented approach of efficiently deploying charging infrastructure to cope with the problem. We firstly formulate five realistic charging objective functions that exhibit a significant diminishing returns effect, i.e., submodularity, and then exploit the submodularity of these objectives to design the acceleration algorithms for Charging Station PLacement (CSPL) with the provable performance guarantees. The corresponding algorithms are respectively named Lazy Greedy with Direct Gain (LGDG) and Lazy Greedy with Effective Gain (LGEG), and they scale well to the road networks of arbitrary size. Relying on the inference that the linear combination of submodular functions is still a submodular function, we treat CSPL as a multicriteria optimization problem that can be efficiently solved by the proposed algorithms. Moreover, we employ Erlang-Loss system to gain an optimal Charging Pile ASsignment (CPAS), which is capable of reducing the gap between the growing complexity of charging demands and the constrained supply of charging resources in considering the correlation between the primary human activities and the charging process. The experimental evaluation with real data sets shows that, compared with the state-of-the-art methods, the proposed approach reveals better effectiveness and efficiency, and it offers a potent solution to the planning of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles with large-scale datasets in reality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6654-6659
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant 2018MS024, in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 61305056, and in part by the Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Planning Project under Grant 20190303133SF.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2000-2011 IEEE.


  • Submodularity
  • charging pile assignment
  • charging station placement
  • electric vehicle


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