Efficacy of precordial percussion pacing assessed in a cardiac standstill Microminipig model

Takeshi Wada, Hiroshi Ohara, Yuji Nakamura, Xin Cao, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Kentaro Ando, Mitsuru Honda, Katsunori Yoshihara, Yuji Nakazato, Keith G. Lurie, Atsushi Sugiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Potential cardiovascular benefits of precordial percussion pacing (PPP) during cardiac standstill are unknown. Methods and Results: A cardiac standstill model in a microminipig was created by inducing complete atrioventricular block with a catheter ablation technique (n=7). Next, the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by standard chest compressions (S-CPR), PPP and ventricular electrical pacing in this model were analyzed in series (n=4). To assess the mechanism of PPP, a non-selective, stretch-activated channel blocker, amiloride, was administered during PPP (n=3). Peak systolic and diastolic arterial pressures during S-CPR, PPP and ventricular electrical pacing were statistically similar. However, the duration of developed arterial pressure with PPP was comparable to that with ventricular electrical pacing, and significantly greater than that with S-CPR. Amiloride decreased the induction rate of ventricular electrical activity by PPP in a dose-related manner. Each animal survived without any neurological deficit at 24, 48 h and 1 week, even with up to 2 h of continuous PPP. Conclusions: In a microminipig model of cardiac standstill, PPP can become a novel means to significantly improve physiological outcomes after cardiac standstill or symptomatic bradyarrhythmias in the absence of cardiac pacing. Activation of the non-selective stretch-activated channels may mediate some of the mechanophysiological effects of PPP. Further study of PPP by itself and together with S-CPR is warranted using cardiac arrest models of atrioventricular block and asystole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1137-1143
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume81
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cardiac standstill
  • Mechanophysiology
  • Microminipig
  • Precordial percussion pacing
  • Stretch-activated channels

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