Objectives: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a new therapeutic paradigm that uses a very large dose per fraction treatments (ablative hypofractionation). We investigated the use of ablative hypofractionation in treating human renal cell carcinoma using a nude mouse model. Methods: Nude mice were injected subcutaneously with A498 human renal carcinoma cells. Tumour-bearing animals were radiated with three fractions (one per week) for a total dose of 48 Gy (n = 12), while untreated animals served as controls (n = 7). The mice were weighed, and tumour volumes were measured at baseline and weekly until 7 weeks post-treatment. Results: Control animals demonstrated progressive tumour growth and were sacrificed because of either tumour size or ulceration. Tumours in the treatment group grew to three times their initial size over the 3 weeks of treatment but subsequently decreased progressively to less than 30% of their initial volume. All treated tumours exhibited marked cytologic changes. Tumours from mice sacrificed before post-treatment week 4 had a mitotic count of 1-4/10 hpf. Tumours from mice sacrificed more than 4 weeks post-treatment (n = 4) demonstrated no mitoses. Conclusions: Treatment with high-dose-per-fraction radiation to 48 Gy resulted in a sustained decrease in tumour volume and marked cytologic changes. These results are preliminary-but promising-and encourage further research into this application of ablative hypofractionated radiation for kidney cancer.
- Dose response
- Hypofractionated radiation
- Murine model
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Stereotactic body radiation therapy