The safety and efficacy of zonisamide (ZNS), a new antiepileptic drug, was tested in 167 adult participants who entered a historical-controlled 16-week open label, multicenter study. The median percent reduction from baseline of partial seizures was 51.8% in the fourth month of the study (baseline median = 11.5 sz/month; treatment weeks 13-16 = 5.5 sz/month). Persons completing the efficacy study successfully were eligible for a long-term safety study; 113 entered this study. Adverse effects involved principally the CNS and were similar to those seen with other antiepileptic drugs. Four persons (3.7%) developed kidney stones and were withdrawn from the study 250-477 days after starting ZNS. Because of the high percentage of kidney stones, development of ZNS was stopped in the United States but was continued in Japan.
- Partial seizures