Objective: Rates of cigarette smoking are higher among women who receive obstetric care through publicly funded prenatal clinics. This study compared smoking outcomes for pregnant women (n = 105) who were randomized to receive either usual care (standard cessation advice from the health care provider) or an intervention conducted in the prenatal clinic consisting of 1.5 h of counseling plus telephone follow-up delivered by a masters prepared mental health counselor. Methods: Subjects were 105 low income, predominantly Hispanic, pregnant patients in an urban prenatal clinic. Smoking outcomes were assessed at end of pregnancy and 6 months post-partum. Results: At follow-up, 28.3% and 9.4% of participants in the experimental intervention and 9.6% and 3.8% of patients in usual care were abstinent at end of pregnancy (p = .015) and 6 months post-partum, respectively (p = .251). Cost of the intervention was $56 per patient and cost to produce a non-smoker at end of pregnancy was $299. Conclusions: This model for intervention was cost-effective and was associated with significantly lower smoking rates at end of pregnancy. Practical implications: If these findings are replicated, prenatal clinics could offer the option for intensive smoking cessation treatment by training mental health counselors to deliver one extended smoking cessation counseling session.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded in part by grants from the Patrick and Catherine Weldon Donaghue Medical Research Foundation and Hartford Hospital Research Endowment Funds.
- Smoking cessation