Effects of Yoga on Symptoms, Physical Function, and Psychosocial Outcomes in Adults with Osteoarthritis: A Focused Review

Corjena Cheung, Juyoung Park, Jean F. Wyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent and disabling chronic condition. Because physical activity is a key component in OA management, effective exercise interventions are needed. Yoga is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that aims to promote flexibility, strength, endurance, and balance. Its gentle approach is potentially a safe and effective exercise option for managing OA. The purpose of this focused review is to examine the effects of yoga on OA symptoms and physical and psychosocial outcomes. A comprehensive search was conducted using seven electronic databases. Twelve reports met inclusion criteria involving a total of 589 participants with OA-related symptoms. A variety of types, frequencies, and durations of yoga interventions were reported; Hatha and Iyengar yoga were the most commonly used types. Frequency of intervention ranged from once a week to 6 days a week. Duration of the interventions ranged from 45 to 90 mins per session for 6 to 12 wks. Yoga intervention resulted in reductions in pain, stiffness, and swelling, but results on physical function and psychosocial well-being were inconclusive because of a variety of outcome measures being used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-151
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Degenerative Joint Disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pain Management
  • Yoga

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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