Effects of time of feeding during gestation on sow's performance

Hayford Manu, Su H. Lee, Ping Ren, Devi Pangeni, Xiaojian Yang, Samuel K Baidoo

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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different feeding time regimes given similar energy intake per kilogram live BW 0.75 during gestation on sow's performance. One hundred and seventy-four sows [Topigs TN 70 (Landrace × Large White, Topigs USA); parity 3.81 ± 0.16; initial BW = 211.57 ± 3.34 kg; backfat (BF) 13.70 ± 0.42 mm] were blocked by parity, farrowing date, balanced for BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments in a randomized complete block design. Treatments included sows fed corn-soybean meal-based diet once at [0730 (control, T1), 1130 (T2), or 1530 h (T3)], with daily feed quantity kept at 1.25× maintenance energy intake [100 × (BW) 0.75 ] kcal ME/d. Sows received 6,758, 7,434, and 8,110 kcal ME/d from days 30 to 60, days 61 to 90, days 91 to 109 of gestation, respectively. The gestation diet was formulated to contain 3,379 kcal of ME/kg, 0.70% Ca, 0.61% total P, 0.58% SID Lys, 0.26% SID Met, 0.45% SID Thr, 0.12% SID Trp, and 0.48% SID Met+Cys. Body weight and BF were recorded on days 30, 60, 90, and 109 of gestation, 24 h after farrowing and at weaning. Results showed that feeding times evaluated did not alter BW changes from day 30 to day 109 of gestation (P = 0.81) or from day 30 to weaning (P = 0.87). Similarly, feeding sows daily at 1130 h did not influence BF gains and sow reproductive performance relative to the control sows (P > 0.10). Sows fed once daily at 1530 h gained more BF compared with the control (3.69 ± 0.47 vs. 2.12 ± 0.50 mm, P = 0.04) from day 30 to day 109 of gestation. From day 30 of gestation to weaning, treatments did not influence BF gain (P = 0.24). Feeding sows daily meal at 1530 h had propensity to increase (P = 0.09) the number of piglets weaned by 0.54 piglets compared with the control sows. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that feeding pregnant sows at 1530 h altered energy and nutrient metabolism improving their BF gain and exhibited a potential to increase the number of weaned piglets compared with conventional feeding regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1234-1241
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
1The authors acknowledge the staff of Southern Research and Outreach Center (SROC), Waseca, Sow unit, University of Minnesota, for husbandry and assistance with experimental procedures. Research was supported by funds from United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)–National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest or financial conflicts to disclose. 2Corresponding author: skbaidoo@umn.edu Received August 3, 2018. Accepted January 8, 2019.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science.


  • feeding time
  • isocaloric intake
  • pregnant sow
  • sow performance
  • Soybeans
  • Body Weight
  • Zea mays
  • Diet/veterinary
  • Swine/growth & development
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Random Allocation
  • Energy Intake
  • Pregnancy
  • Animal Feed/analysis
  • Reproduction
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Parity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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