Effects of thin film processing on pentacene/C60 bilayer solar cell performance

Jihua Yang, Thuc Quyen Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Solar cells based on pentacene/C60 bilayer heterojunctions have been fabricated with a structure of ITO/poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/pentacene (40 nm)/fullerene (C60)(40 nm)/2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BCP) (10 nm)/Al. The effect of pentacene crystalline domain size on performance was investigated by controlling the pentacene deposition rate. The devices show improved light-to-electricity conversion efficiencies from 0.49% to 1.12% under an AM 1.5 solar simulator (100 mW/cm2), when the pentacene evaporation rate is in a range of 5 Å/s-0.5 Å/s. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements show that the pentacene films deposited by a slow evaporation rate have larger crystalline domains and a fewer amorphous domains, compared to films obtained by faster evaporation rates. Upon thermal annealing at 200 °C for 1 min, there is merging of pentacene crystalline domains. These changes in film morphology impact the charge separation at the donor/acceptor interface and the hole and electron mobilities, and hence, directly affect the device performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)566-574
Number of pages9
JournalOrganic Electronics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the ONR Young Investigator Program and the UCSB startup fund.


  • C
  • Film morphology
  • Film processing
  • Hole and electron mobilities
  • Pentacene
  • Solar cell
  • Thermal annealing


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