Canine end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is defined as the almost complete failure of renal function or irreversible destruction and is characterized by extensive glomerular sclerosis, tubular atrophy, interstitial inflammation, and fibrosis. Renal fibrosis is a common pathway leading to kidney failure. Infiltrating immunocytes in the end-stage kidney and several related factors are involved in renal fibrogenesis. A total of 18 renal tissue samples were obtained from canine patients with ESRD using biopsy and necropsy procedures. The extent of renal fibrosis was histopathologically examined by Masson trichrome staining. T-cell and B-cell localization and macrophage lineages were determined by immunohistochemical staining. Additionally, interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-2, and IL-6 levels in the canine ESRD kidney were immunohistochemically evaluated and compared with expression patterns in the normal kidney. Significant fibrosis and infiltrating immunocytes consistent with lymphocytes were observed. Although the B-cell count was increased in the end-stage kidney, immunostaining patterns disclosed a marked increase in the number of CD 3+ cells. Furthermore, the remarkable increase in IL-1 and IL-6 levels suggests that T cells in the kidneys of dogs with ESRD spontaneously express these cytokines. In this study, the correlation between the degree of renal fibrosis and cytokines in canine ESRD was examined. The present study shows that T lymphocytes and IL-6 play important roles in renal fibrosis.
- Kidney failure
- T lymphocytes