The effects of nine drugs were studied in rats responding under either fixed-ratio 30 (FR-30) or fixed-interval 2-min (FI-2) schedules of food presentation. All the drugs decreased average rates of responding under both schedules in a dose-related manner, with apomorphine and clonidine being the most potent and caffeine the least potent. d-Amphetamine was about three times more potent than l-amphetamine in decreasing responding under the FR schedule, while the two isomers were equipotent in reducing the average response rates under the FI schedule. A 10 mg/kg dose of fenfluramine decreased responding for two to three days after administration, but this treatment did not produce long-lasting changes in control performance or in the effects of the serotonergic drugs quizapine and d-paramethoxyamphetamine. The effects of the drugs on the local rates of responding during the FI may be divided into three categories: (1) those drugs that increased low rates of responding and decreased high rates of responding (rate-dependent effects) at dosages that did not markedly decrease the average response rates (d-amphetamine, methylphenidate, and cocaine); (2) those that produced rate-dependent effects only at dosages that markedly reduced average response rates (fenfluramine, quipazine, and clonidine); and (3) those that did not produce clear rate-dependent effects at any dose tested (l-amphetamine, apomorphine, and caffeine). These behavioral results are discussed in relation to their known biochemical effects on brain catecholamine and serotonin systems.
- Schedule-controlled behavior