Two trials were conducted to evaluate the effects of short-(Trial 1) or long-term (Trial 2) intraruminal isocaloric infusions of acetate or propionate on secretion of LH, insulin, and selected metabolites in short-or long-term energy-restricted beef heifers. In Trial 1, 16 Angus heifers were assigned on d 6 to 12 of a synchronized estrous cycle (estrus = d 0) to a body weight-maintenance (BWM; n = 4) or an energy-restricted, body weight-loss (BWL; n = 12) treatment. On d 12 of a synchronized estrous cycle, heifers received PGF2α to synchronize estrus, and 12 h later BWL heifers received intraruminal, isocaloric infusions of acetate, propionate, or vehicle for 6 h and BWM heifers received vehicle concurrently. Mean plasma LH and LH pulse frequencies and amplitudes were not affected by treatment (P > .05). In contrast, infusion of propionate increased plasma insulin (P < .05) and reduced plasma concentration of NEFA (P < .05). In Trial 2, six ovariectomized Angus heifers were energy-restricted for 30 d. On d 14 and 26 of restriction, heifers began receiving intraruminal isocaloric infusions of acetate or propionate for 96 h in a switchback approach. Intraruminal infusions of vehicle for 6 h preceded infusions of acetate or propionate. Jugular blood was collected at 12-min intervals during infusions of vehicle and during the last 6 h of infusion of acetate or propionate. Mean concentration of LH and amplitude of pulses of LH were lower during acetate vs propionate or vehicle infusion (P < .05). Infusion of propionate increased insulin relative to acetate or vehicle infusion (P < .05). Plasma NEFA were reduced by infusion of propionate (P < .05) and increased by infusion of acetate (P < .05).
- Volatile fatty acids