Effects of sample collection and handling on concentration of osteocalcin in equine serum.

E. Hope, S. D. Johnston, R. L. Hegstad, R. J. Geor, M. J. Murphy

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A commercially available radioimmunoassay kit for measurement of human osteocalcin was validated for use in horses. For accurate measurement of equine serum osteocalcin, blood samples may be collected at a temperature between 20 and 25 C, then centrifuged within 90 minutes; serum may be stored at -20 C in plastic tubes for up to 26 weeks. Serum may be thawed and refrozen up to 5 times without significant change in measured equine serum osteocalcin concentration. Assay sensitivity was 0.16 ng/ml. Recovery of bovine osteocalcin standard added to equine serum was linear. Intra-assay coefficient of variation (x 100) for 2 equine serum pools was 6.9 (mean +/- SD, 13.9 +/- 1.0 ng/ml) and 7.5 (10.6 +/- 0.8 ng/ml) %. Interassay coefficient of variation for 3 equine serum pools measured in 12 assays was 12.5 (16.1 +/- 2.0 ng/ml), 12.7 (11.5 +/- 1.5 ng/ml), and 24.6 (3.0 +/- 0.7 ng/ml) %. Dilutional parallelism was documented by assaying pooled equine serum at 4 dilutions and correcting the mean result for dilution. Significant change was not observed in equine serum osteocalcin concentration for various time-of-day blood sample collections in horses housed under continuous lighting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1017-1020
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1993

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