Effects of reflexology on fibromyalgia symptoms: A multiple case study

Thora Jenny Gunnarsdottir, Cynthia Peden-McAlpine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Purpose: To explore the effects of reflexology on pain and other symptoms in women with fibromyalgia syndrome [FM]. Methods: Multiple case study method as developed by Stake was used to investigate the effects of reflexology on six cases of women with FM which were given ten sessions of weekly reflexology. Data were collected with observation, interviews and diary and then analyzed within cases and across cases. Results: Reflexology affected the symptom of pain in multiple areas such as head, neck and arms. Pain started to isolate and decrease. Conclusion: Reflexology may be helpful to decrease fibromyalgia symptoms. Qualitative research methods and individually tailored interventions are important when researching complementary and alternative therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-172
Number of pages6
JournalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research reported here was supported by The Icelandic Centre for Research (Rannis). Icelandic Nurse's Association, The Nursing Research Institute at the Faculty of Nursing and Minning Margretar.

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Fibromyalgia syndrome
  • Multiple case study
  • Nursing
  • Reflexology
  • Symptom


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