Effects of particle size on the quality attributes of reconstituted whole-wheat flour and tortillas made from it

Ting Liu, Gary G. Hou, Bon Lee, Len Marquart, Arnaud Dubat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to examine the effects of whole-wheat flour (WWF) particle size on the quality attributes of WWF tortillas. WWF samples of different particle size distributions from commercial U.S. hard white (median diameters: 175.7, 128.6, 120.0, 108.5 and 102.4 μm), hard red winter (median diameters: 173.7, 133.6, 124.3, 110.8 and 104.2 μm) and hard red spring (median diameters: 173.7, 132.1, 124.7, 112.9, 106.3 μm) wheat classes were obtained by fine grinding of bran and shorts and re-combining with the rest of fractions. For all three wheat classes, as WWF median particle size decreased, the L* (lightness) value decreased but the adjusted damaged starch, polyphenol oxidase activity, and a* and b* values increased. Mixolab data showed that development time decreased as WWF particle size was reduced, while stability time and starch retrogradation increased. As for WWF tortilla quality, the breaking force and extensibility increased with decreasing particle size from ∼175 to 129–134 μm, but diameter and thickness were not significantly affected. The results indicated that reducing the median particle sizes of WWFs from ∼175 μm to ∼130 μm would significantly improve the WWF tortilla quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016



  • Fine grinding
  • Particle size
  • Tortilla
  • Whole-wheat flour

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