Effects of particle size on the quality attributes of reconstituted whole-wheat flour and tortillas made from it

Ting Liu, Gary G. Hou, Bon Lee, Len Marquart, Arnaud Dubat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of whole-wheat flour (WWF) particle size on the quality attributes of WWF tortillas. WWF samples of different particle size distributions from commercial U.S. hard white (median diameters: 175.7, 128.6, 120.0, 108.5 and 102.4 μm), hard red winter (median diameters: 173.7, 133.6, 124.3, 110.8 and 104.2 μm) and hard red spring (median diameters: 173.7, 132.1, 124.7, 112.9, 106.3 μm) wheat classes were obtained by fine grinding of bran and shorts and re-combining with the rest of fractions. For all three wheat classes, as WWF median particle size decreased, the L* (lightness) value decreased but the adjusted damaged starch, polyphenol oxidase activity, and a* and b* values increased. Mixolab data showed that development time decreased as WWF particle size was reduced, while stability time and starch retrogradation increased. As for WWF tortilla quality, the breaking force and extensibility increased with decreasing particle size from ∼175 to 129–134 μm, but diameter and thickness were not significantly affected. The results indicated that reducing the median particle sizes of WWFs from ∼175 μm to ∼130 μm would significantly improve the WWF tortilla quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Volume71
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

whole wheat flour
tortillas
Flour
Particle Size
Triticum
particle size
Particle size
wheat classes
Starch
Catechol Oxidase
starch
Particle size analysis
retrogradation
extensibility
bran
grinding
particle size distribution
catechol oxidase
winter

Keywords

  • Fine grinding
  • Particle size
  • Tortilla
  • Whole-wheat flour

Cite this

Effects of particle size on the quality attributes of reconstituted whole-wheat flour and tortillas made from it. / Liu, Ting; Hou, Gary G.; Lee, Bon; Marquart, Len; Dubat, Arnaud.

In: Journal of Cereal Science, Vol. 71, 01.09.2016, p. 145-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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