This study examines relations between family functioning, parenting stress, parental psychopathology, and treatment outcome. Participants included 61 children (ages 7-11 years) with features or diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and/or social phobia. Treatment conditions included group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and no-treatment control. Higher family cohesion at baseline was associated with significantly greater decreases in child anxiety at posttreatment for participants who received CBT, while no association was found for the no-treatment control participants. Parenting stress and parental psychopathology were not associated with treatment outcome for either condition. Post hoc analyses examining relations between family cohesion, parenting stress, and parental psychopathology showed that parents from families low in cohesion reported significantly higher levels of parenting stress and psychopathology compared to parents from families high in cohesion. These results will facilitate development and implementation of effective interventions with anxious children.
- Treatment outcome