Effects of nonselective and selective α1-adrenergic blockade on coronary blood flow during exercise

R. J. Bache, X. Z. Dai, C. A. Herzog, J. S. Schwartz

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Abstract

This study was made to evaluate the relative importance of α1- and α2-adrenergic vasoconstrictor influences in opposing the increase in coronary blood flow that occurs during exercise. The effects of selective α1-adrenergic blockade with prazosin were compared with nonselective α-adrenergic blockade with phentolamine on coronary hemodynamics during exercise in chronically instrumented dogs. During control conditions, graded treadmill exercise resulted in progressive increases of myocardial oxygen consumption; this was associated with increased coronary blood flow as well as with increased myocardial oxygen extraction. Although prazosin and phentolamine caused similar reductions of arterial pressure, phentolamine increased heart rate, myocardial oxygen consumption, and coronary blood flow at equivalent exercise levels, and prazosin did not significantly alter these variables. These effects of phentolamine appeared to result from blockade of presynaptic α2-adrenergic receptors, which normally modulate norepinephrine release, that resulted in increased sympathetic effects on the heart. However, at comparable levels of myocardial oxygen consumption, prazosin and phentolamine resulted in similar significant increases of coronary venous P(O2) and decreases of coronary vascular resistance. These data support a modest role for α1-adrenergic coronary vasoconstriction during exercise but fail to document an additional role for postsynaptic α2-adrenergic coronary vasoconstriction during exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)II-36-II-41
JournalCirculation research
Volume61
Issue number5 II SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1987

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    Bache, R. J., Dai, X. Z., Herzog, C. A., & Schwartz, J. S. (1987). Effects of nonselective and selective α1-adrenergic blockade on coronary blood flow during exercise. Circulation research, 61(5 II SUPPL.), II-36-II-41.