Effects of music therapy on drug avoidance self-efficacy in patients on a detoxification unit: A three-group randomized effectiveness study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-efficacy is a component of Bandura's social cognitive theory and can lead to abstinence and a reduction of relapse potential for people who have substance abuse disorders. To date, no music therapy researcher has utilized this theoretical model to address abstinence and reduce the likelihood of relapse in people who have addictions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on drug avoidance self-efficacy in a randomized three-group wait-list control design with patients on a detoxification unit. Participants (A/= 131) were cluster randomized to one of three single-session conditions: music therapy, verbal therapy, or wait-list control. Music therapy participants received a group lyric analysis intervention, verbal therapy participants received a group talk therapy session, and wait-list control participants eventually received a group recreational music therapy intervention. Although there was no significant between-group difference in drug avoidance self-efficacy, participants in the music therapy condition tended to have the highest mean drug avoidance self-efficacy scores. Posttest written comments supported the use of both music therapy and verbal therapy sessions. Two music therapy participants specifically noted that their initial skepticism had dissipated after receiving music therapy. Despite a lack of significant differences, the theoretical support of self-efficacy for substance abuse rehabilitation suggests that this may be an area of continued clinical focus and empirical investigation. Clinical anecdotes, limitations of the study, and suggestions for future research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-181
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Addictions Nursing
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Addiction, avoidance
  • Chemical dependency
  • Detoxification
  • Music therapy
  • Randomized
  • Self-efficacy
  • Substance abuse

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of music therapy on drug avoidance self-efficacy in patients on a detoxification unit: A three-group randomized effectiveness study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this