Effects of modality change on health-related quality of life

Patricia Painter, Joanne B. Krasnoff, Michael Kuskowski, Lynda Frassetto, Kirsten Johansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement have impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and there is general consensus that HRQoL improves with successful transplant and evidence of improvement with frequent hemodialysis. This study reports changes in HRQoL associated with changes in treatment modality to daily hemodialysis (DHD) and transplant among patients requiring renal replacement. This cohort study had assessments at baseline and 6-month following modality change. Subjects were nondiabetic individuals receiving conventional hemodialysis who (a) remained on conventional hemodialysis (n=13), (b) changed to daily hemodialysis (DHD) (n=10), or (c) received a living donor transplant (n=20). Thirty-four healthy controls were assessed once for comparison. HRQoL was measured using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument. The Physical Functioning and Physical Composite Scale scores were primary outcomes. Transplantation resulted in significant improvements in six of eight generic scales and the physical composite scale (PCS). Those changing to DHD had significant improvements in Physical Function and PCS scales. Those remaining on dialysis remained lower than controls on all scales except for Vitality; the transplant group remained lower than controls only on the Vitality and General Health scales. Transplant resulted in significant improvements in four of the seven disease-specific scales (symptoms, effects, and burden of kidney disease, work). DHD resulted in improvements in the effects of kidney disease. Modality change to transplant results in significant improvement in HRQoL, achieving levels similar to controls. Change to daily hemodialysis improves only select HRQoL domains and remains low in disease-specific domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-386
Number of pages10
JournalHemodialysis International
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Daily dialysis
  • Dialysis
  • Quality of life
  • Transplant

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of modality change on health-related quality of life'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this