Effects of methoprene and Bti (Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelenis) on non-target insects

Anne E. Hershey, Lyle Shannon, Richard Axler, Christie Ernst, Paul Mickelson

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42 Scopus citations


The effects of mosquito larvicides Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) and methoprene, on non-target benthic invertebrates were studied in a divided pond experiment in south-central Minnesota, USA, during the spring and summer of 1989. Density and biomass of insects and other benthic macroinvertebrates were quite low in all sections of the three ponds studied, which may have been due to three consecutive years of drought, but richness appeared to be high and we observed no evidence of dominance by a particular group. We also saw no evidence of negative effects of larvicide treatment on density or biomass of any invertebrate group, nor was there a treatment-related decrease in richness of benthic invertebrate taxa under these drought conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1995


  • Bti
  • chironomids
  • drought
  • methoprene
  • mosquito control
  • non-target insects
  • temporary ponds


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