Effects of Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis on Three-Dimensional Upper Airway Anatomy in Newborns Affected by Isolated Pierre Robin Sequence

Zhe Mao, Liang Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Effective airway management is critical to Pierre Robin Sequence treatment. The goal of this study is to assess the three-dimensional changes in airway size and shape in 117 newborns with isolated Pierre Robin sequence who underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

Methods: During the study period (11/29/2016 to 11/26/2019), 117 newborns affected by isolated Pierre Robin sequence met the inclusion criteria for the present study. All 117 included patients underwent linear distraction. Demographic variables were recorded and analyzed. Cone-beam computed tomography were performed before and after mandibular distraction osteogenesis. A systemic quantitative three-dimensional analysis of size and shape of upper airway was performed.

Results: The mean age was 71 day (range 12 to 213). The mean weight was 3.9 kg (range 2.3-6.8). A total of 53 patients are female and 64 are male. When the distraction device was removed, the upper and lower jaws were symmetrically aligned. Pre- and post-distraction comparison clearly showed osteogenesis. For the size of the upper airway, airway volume, anteroposterior dimension of the retroglossal airway, lateral dimension of retroglossal airway, minimum retropalatal area, minimum retroglossal area, average cross-sectional area and minimum cross-sectional area increased significantly after mandibular distraction osteogenesis (P < 0.001). However, the airway length did not change significantly (P > 0.05). For the shape of the upper airway, the lateral/anteroposterior ratio in the retroglossal region and the ratio of the retropalatal airway diameter to the retroglossal airway diameter significantly decreased after mandibular distraction osteogenesis (P < 0.001). The airway uniformity significantly increased after mandibular distraction osteogenesis (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis for isolated Pierre Robin sequence improved size and shape of the upper airway, further confirming mandibular osteogenesis distraction as an effective surgical modality to address the airway obstruction in newborns affected by isolated Pierre Robin sequence. Cone-beam computed tomography scanning and analysis can serve as a safe and effective examination modality for upper airway applications of PRS newborns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1459-1463
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
(C) 2021 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Airway Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mandible/diagnostic imaging
  • Osteogenesis, Distraction
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome/diagnostic imaging
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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