Effects of lovastatin on biliary lipid secretion and bile acid metabolism in humans

J. C. Mitchell, G. M. Logan, B. G. Stone, William C Duane

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Abstract

Lovastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, lowers cholesterol saturation of bile. To determine the mechanism of this effect and further define the role of cholesterol synthesis in regulation of biliary lipid metabolism, we studied ten human volunteers in a control period and again after 5-6 weeks on lovastatin, 40 mg b.i.d. Mean sterol production from acetate in mononuclear leukocytes fell from 1.18 to 0.84 pmol/min per 106 cells on lovastatin (P < 0.02). Concomitantly there was reduction in mean biliary secretion of cholesterol from 143 to 96 μmol/h (P < 0.02). On lovastatin, mean pool size of bile acids by the Lindstedt method fell from 3193 to 2917 μmol (one-sided P = 0.05) and mean pool size by the one-sample method fell from 5158 to 4091 μmol (P < 0.002). Lovastatin had no effect on mean fractional turnover rate of either cholic acid (0.77 vs. 0.74 day-1) or chenodeoxycholic acid (0.51 vs. 0.54 day-1). Mean total bile acid synthesis was lower on lovastatin (1443 vs. 1240 μmol/day), but the difference did not quite achieve statistical significance. In humans, inhibition of cholesterol synthesis by lovastatin lowers biliary cholesterol saturation by reducing cholesterol secretion into bile. Bile acid pool size, and perhaps bile acid synthesis, are also reduced by this inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • cholelithiasis
  • cholesterol
  • hyperlipidemia
  • lecithin
  • liver

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