Effects of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor on chromosome aneuploidy and replication asynchrony in healthy peripheral blood stem cell donors

Betsy A Hirsch, Le Ann Oseth, Meghan Cain, Erin Trader, Shelley Pulkrabek, Bruce R Lindgren, Xianghua Luo, Mary Clay, John Miller, Dennis Confer, Daniel J Weisdorf, Jeffrey Mc Cullough

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

As peripheral blood has surpassed bone marrow as a predominant source of stem cells for transplantation, use of the cytokine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to mobilize peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) is increasing. Issues regarding potential genotoxic effects of even short-term, low-dose G-CSF treatment for the healthy donors have been raised. To address the question of chromosomal instability, we used FISH to evaluate the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 22 PBSC donors and 22 matched controls at 5 time points over a 12-month period. The specimens obtained were a pre-G-CSF, followed by collections at the time of PBSC harvest (days 5-7) and at 2, 6, and 12 months after donation. Eight additional PBSC donors provided a single sample at 12 months. Nine loci (mapped to chromosomes 7, 8, 9, 17, 21, and 22) were evaluated for aneuploidy, including 3 mapped to chromosome 7 because of the specific relevance of monosomy 7. Replication timing was evaluated for chromosome 15 and 17 loci. No evidence was found of G-CSF-induced chromosomal instability. This work supports the epidemiologic data that have demonstrated no increased risk for hematologic malignancies in G-CSF-primed PBSC donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2602-2608
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume118
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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