Effects of graded intravenous doses of fructose on glycogen synthase in the liver of fasted rats

Catherine B. Niewoehner, Bryan Q. Nuttall, Frank Q. Nuttall

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14 Scopus citations


We have examined in fasted rats the effects of graded doses of intravenous fructose (50 to 500 mg/kg) in order to determine potential mechanisms by which different concentrations of fructose reaching the liver may modify the activity of glycogen synthase (and phosphorylase). With increasing fructose doses the % synthase I increased threefold to a maximum at a dose of 125 mg/kg and then decreased progressively after higher fructose doses were given. The % phosphorylase a decreased by 30% to a minimum at a dose of 125 mg/kg but increased with higher doses to 370% of the control values. Both the % synthase I and the % phosphorylase a were elevated above the control values at fructose doses of 175 to 225 mg/kg. The increase in % synthase I after low doses of fructose occurred with a significant increase in glucose-6-P but no significant change in hepatic fructose, glucose, UDPglucose, ATP Mg++, Pi, cAMP, plasma insulin, or glucagon concentrations. The reciprocal decrease in % synthase I and increase in % phosphorylase a occurred despite increases in glucose and glucose-6-P, at fructose doses resultng in no change in ATP Mg++, Pi or cAMP, and only a small increase (0.39 mmol/L) in the fructose-1-P concentration. We propose that activation of synthase phosphatase by a rise in the glucose-6-P concentration is responsible for the increase in % synthase I after low doses of fructose. The mechanism by which higher fructose doses overcome the expected activation of synthase phosphatase by glucose and glucose-6-P and a decreased ATP Mg++ ratio is uncertain. There was no evidence of hepatic toxicity after an intravenous fructose load when the fructose concentration reaching the liver did not exceed 1.0 μmol/mL plasma water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-344
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1987

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
From the Endocrine Metabolic Section, Veterans Administration Medical Center, and the Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Supported by a grant from the Veterans Administration and in part by a grant from the American Diabetes Association, Minnesota apiate. Address reprint requests to Catherine B. Niewoehner. MD. Endocrine Metabolic Section, Veterans Administrafion Medical Center, 54th St and 48 Ave South, Minneapolis, MN 55417. o 1987 by Grune & Stratton, Inc. 00260495/87/3604-0007$03.00/O


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