Effects of gender and athletic participation on driving capability

Peter A. Hancock, Mary Jo Kane, Steven Scallen, Courtney B. Albinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study sought to determine if spatiotemporal skills, represented by success in high level sport, transfer to driving and, if so, whether such transfer is mediated by the gender ofthe driver. Using an emergency-braking test, we compared the driving ability of male and female athletes and non-athletes and showed that athletes achieved significantly longer and therefore superior durations for time-to-contact. The advantage of athleticparticipation thus did not appear in movement time but rather in the ability to produce desirable performance in context. We found that males and females did not differ significantly with respect to driving, however, involvement in sport apparently transfers to aspects of driving and so provides benefits beyond the intrinsic reward of the sports activities themselves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-292
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2002

Keywords

  • Athletic involvement
  • Braking response
  • Gender differences

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