Effects of estrogen and progesterone on serum prolactin and luteinizing hormone levels in ovariectomized turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo)

M. E. El Halawani, J. L. Silsby, S. C. Fehrer, E. J. Behnke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serum prolactin (PRL) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels from mature female turkeys were determined following ovariectomy and daily subcutaneous injections for 4 or 9 days of 0.002-2.0 mg/kg estradiol benzoate (EB), 0.05-2.0 mg/kg progesterone (P), or their combinations. Serum PRL levels were increased (P < 0.05) at the onset of sexual maturity in intact controls, but not in ovariectomized turkeys. Injection of 0.02 mg/kg EB into ovariectomized turkeys resulted in elevated (P < 0.05) serum PRL levels after 8 treatment days. Higher doses failed to elicit a response of greater magnitude. EB at doses of 0.02-2.0 mg/kg reduced LH levels while 0.002 mg/kg EB increased LH levels above (P < 0.05) those of ovariectomized controls. The 1.0-mg/kg P dose increased (P < 0.05) serum PRL within 24-48 hr of administration while the 0.05-, 0.5-, or 2.0-mg/kg P doses failed to elicit a response. When P was injected in doses of 0.5-2.0 mg/kg, LH levels were decreased in a dose-response manner. The injection of EB combined with P had a variable effect on serum PRL levels. The 0.5- or 1.0-mg/kg dose of P facilitated (advanced in time) the rise in serum PRL level induced by 0.02 mg/kg of EB. In contrast, the positive feedback effect of 0.2 mg/kg of EB was blocked when administered with 0.5 mg/kg of P. Serum LH levels were dramatically decreased by all steroid combinations used. These results indicate that daily injections of EB and/or P in ovariectomized turkeys have a variable effect on serum PRL and LH levels depending upon the dose, the duration of treatment, or the ratio between EB and P.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1983

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