Effects of elevated ecdysteroid on tissue expression of three guanylyl cyclases in the tropical land crab Gecarcinus lateralis: Possible roles of neuropeptide signaling in the molting gland

Gu Lee Sung, Brandon D. Bader, Ernest S. Chang, Donald L. Mykles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two eyestalk (ES) neuropeptides, molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH) and crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH), increase intracellular cGMP levels in target tissues. Both MIH and CHH inhibit ecdysteroid secretion by the molting gland or Y-organ (YO), but apparently through different guanylyl cyclase (GC)-dependent pathways. MIH signaling may be mediated by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and NO-sensitive GC. CHH binds to a membrane receptor GC. As molting affects neuropeptide signaling, the effects of ecdysteroid on the expression of the land crab Gecarcinus lateralis β subunit of a NO-sensitive GC (Gl-GC-Iβ), a membrane receptor GC (Gl-GC-II) and a NO-insensitive soluble GC (Gl-GC-III) were determined. Gl-GC-Iβ isoforms differing in the absence or presence of an N-terminal 32-amino acid sequence and Gl-GC-III were expressed at higher mRNA levels in ES ganglia, gill, hepatopancreas, ovary and testis, and at lower levels in YO, heart and skeletal muscle. Three Gl-GC-II isoforms, which vary in the length of insertions (+18, +9 and +0 amino acids) within the N-terminal ligand-binding domain, differed in tissue distribution. Gl-GC-II(+18) was expressed highly in striated muscle (skeletal and cardiac muscles); Gl-GC-II(+9) was expressed in all tissues examined (ES ganglia, YO, gill, hepatopancreas, striated muscles and gonads); and Gl-GC-II(+0) was expressed in most tissues and was the dominant isoform in ES and thoracic ganglia. ES ablation, which increased hemolymph ecdysteroid, increased Gl-GC-II(+18) mRNA level in claw muscle. Using real-time RT-PCR, ES ablation increased Gl-GC-Iβ, Gl-GC-III and ecdysone receptor mRNA levels in the YOs ∼ten-, ∼four- and ∼twofold, respectively, whereas Gl-GC-II mRNA level was unchanged. A single injection of 20-hydroxyecdysone into intact animals transiently lowered Gl-GC-Iβ in hepatopancreas, testis and skeletal muscle, and certain Gl-GC-II isoforms in some of the tissues. These data suggest that YO and other tissues can modulate responses to neuropeptides by altering GC expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3245-3254
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume210
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Keywords

  • Arthropoda
  • Crustacea
  • Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone
  • Digestive gland
  • Ecdysone receptor
  • Ecdysteroid
  • Gene expression
  • Guanylyl cyclase
  • Molt-inhibiting hormone
  • Molting
  • Nervous system
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Y-organ
  • mRNA

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of elevated ecdysteroid on tissue expression of three guanylyl cyclases in the tropical land crab Gecarcinus lateralis: Possible roles of neuropeptide signaling in the molting gland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this